Spanish Verb Conjugation Forms
Verb conjugations refer to the forms a verb takes (e.g. present tense see and past saw). Spanish uses more conjugations than English. Below is a description of each of the Spanish verb forms.
Infinitive - Also known as the "dictionary form", the infinitive is the most basic of form of a verb. By itself, it says nothing about how many people are performing the verb's action or when
Past Participle - Used an a djective participle, past participles are used to describe the nature or states of things.
Gerund (Present Participle) - The form of the verb as an adverb, used to indicate that one action caused or happened at the same time as another.
Present - This tense is used to express something that is happening currently, in the near future, or a general truth.
Imperfect (Past Continuous) - Used to describe events taking place in the past without regards to when the event began or ended, the imperfect tense describes actions that were happening, used to happen, or happened regularly in the past and on going.
Preterite (Simple Past) - Expressing actions which took place in the past, the preterite indicates that an action taken once in the past was completed at some point in the past.
Future - This is the verb form that marks the event described by a verb as not having happened yet, but expected to in the future.
Subjunctive - The most difficult tense for Anglophones to learn, the subjective expresses wishes, commands (in subordinate clauses), emotion, possibility, judgement, necessity, and statements that are contrary to fact at present.
Imperfecto de Subjunctivo
Subjunctive Imperfect (Past Subjunctive) - Used in the same way as the present subjunctive but for events in the past, this verb tense can also be used as an alterative to the conditional in certain structures.
Conditional - The is the verb form used in conditional sentences to refer to a hypothetical state of affairs, or an uncertain event that is contingent on another set of circumstances.
Imperative (Command) - This verb form is used when making commands.